Anyway, the first thing you enjoy aside from said time difference is the heat. In the summer, it averages about 30-35 Celsius (86-95 F) in the day to about 30-35 Celsius at night. Fuckin blows. Then the humidity is about 50-6 trillion percent depending on if it's going to rain or if the clouds are going to fucking smother you in your sleep. In the winter, that drops to about 22-26 Celsius (71-79 F). Japan is slightly more bearable as they have four definite seasons with summer being more of a dry heat up north and more humid the further south you go. Or it might be the opposite. I forget. Japan is a bit different since there's sort of 3 definitive weather locales as well.
Weather aside, the next big difference (and this is the most important one) is the cuisine. No, it's not language since language is pretty universal in holding up wads of cash and pointing at whatever it is you want to buy (I watched a white guy do this for about 20 minutes before I decided to help him. It was really funny). The main issue with the cuisine is that the Asian palatte differs vastly from the American palatte. Case in point: Pizza.
Ah, pizza; loverly treat huge in America. In Taiwan, it's viewed more as a "special occasion treat" which you could consider as being on the scale of Giordano's or California Pizza Kitchen--but cheap. You get all sorts of toppings, such as 'French Seafood Style' or 'Korean Kimchi BBQ' (yes I'm quite sure it's beef and not dog meat). My favorite is the 'Japanese Takoyaki' (fried squid, essentially) though there's also 'Black Pepper Steak' flavoring. The relatives I live with are devout Buddhists and vegans (which is a tough transition to make if you're coming from a society that eats meat at 6 of the 7 daily meals), so the veggie pizza we eat has a distinct flavour: largely, that of corn and green peas. Yes, it's really fucking weird on pizza. Yes, it does suck massively to eat veggies at every meal. Yes, I do know my way around well enough to hit up all the places that sell meat (normal meat).
I should wrap this up probably since the heat from the computer is pretty ghastly, so I'll end on the note of the language barrier: There's almost none nowadays. In the past, if you didn't know at least a little of the language or weren't with someone who knew it, you were pretty screwed. With all the commercialization taking place, non-speakers of the language can get around pretty well. There's english everywhere in the big cities (Beijing, Taipei, Tokyo, etc) and there are enough people who speak enough english to help you find your way. Granted, there are still stores/people who will ignore you or disallow you entry (many bars in Japan forbid entry to foreigners; this means that even if you are Asian, if you can't speak Japanese perfectly, you're denied entry). Bastages!
Anyhoo, I've got net access until Friday, so I'll probably make another post on the food sometime in the next couple days since the food is the main reason you come here. I had more to say but I got to go teach some random people english now (and they're cute girls! wai~). Until then, ja mata.